Manuscripts Preparation

Authors should prepare their manuscripts submitted to this journal exactly according to the instructions given. Manuscript in Times New Roman - font type and 12 – size. The language of manuscript must be simple and explicit. The authors who are not confident are advised to consult those experienced in scientific writing and communication. Papers in recent issues of the International Research Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biosciences (IRJPBS) should be consulted for the general format adopted in respect to various elements of a paper.

Research Article

 It should be arranged into the following sections:

(1) Title page, (2) Abstract and Key words, (3) Introduction, (4) Materials and Methods, (5) Results & Discussion, (6) Conclusion, (7) Acknowledgement if any, (8) References, (9) Tables and Figures attached in the concern manuscript part (Ex. Introduction, result etc).

Use Times New Roma - font type and 12 - size throughout the manuscript. For the units of measurement, the use of the International System of Units (SI) is recommended: m (meter), g (gram), kg (kilogram), μg (microgram), s (second), min (minute), h (hour), d (day), y (year), l (litre), μl (microlitre) and ng/ml. Excessive abbreviations should be avoided and abbreviations other than those acknowledged, uniform and standard should be contained in brackets at their first use.

New, significant, innovative and original findings are suitable as Research articles.

Title page: Please give the title (capital for first character), running title (not to exceed 50 characters and spaces), name of each author and an asterisk placed after the name of the corresponding author, address (es) of the institution(s) at which the work was performed, each author’s affiliation, and a footnote including the complete mailing address, a single telephone number, a single fax number, and a single e-mail address for the corresponding author.

Abstract: A structured abstract not exceeding 250 words should be arranged. Avoid abbreviations and references, and do not include diagrams. The abstract with keywords should be typed on a separate sheet.

Keywords: Below the abstract, type 3-7 keywords or short phrases suitable for indexing.

Introduction: The introduction should not be an extensive literature review although it should provide sufficient background information for the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the same topic.

Materials and methods: The section should include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. Procedural detail that has been published previously should be referred to by citation. When a modified procedure is used, only the author's modifications of the previously published method need to be given in detail.

Results and Discussion:

Results should be described as concisely as possible in one of the following ways: text, table(s), or figure(s). Avoid extensive use of graphs to present data that might be more concisely or more comprehensively presented in the figures or tables. The reproducibility and statistical significance of measurements, material or biological data, must be included where relevant. The discussion should provide an interpretation of the results and their significance with regard to previously published work. There should not be any significant repetition of the experimental procedures or reiteration of the introduction.

Conclusion: A short, paragraph summarizing the most important finding(s) of the research is required.

Acknowledgments: The source of any financial support, gifts, technical assistance and advice received for the work being published must be indicated in the Acknowledgments section.

References: Literature citations in the text must be indicated by Arabic numerals in square bracket.

Standard Journal Article

Author(s) of article (surname initials), Title of article, Journal title abbreviated Year of publication; volume number (issue number): page numbers. (If more than six authors, the first three shall be listed followed by et al.,)

Sivakumar V, Dhanarajan M.S. Hypoglycemic and antioxidant activity of Tinospora cordifolia in experimental diabetes. International journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 2011; 2: 608- 613.

Books and other monographs

Author(s) of book (surname initials). Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year of publication.

Harbone JB. Phytochemical methods - A guide to modern technique of plant analysis, 2nd edition, chapman and hall, Newyork; 1984. 85pp.

Personal author(s)

Lee EB. Immunology: an introduction to molecular and cellular principles of the immune response. 8th ed. New York: Harper and Row; 1985.

Chapter or article in a book

Author(s) of chapter (surname initials). Title of chapter. In: Editor(s) name, editors. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication, Page numbers.

Adams LB and Sorknes CA. In: Dipiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, Wells BG, editors. Pharmacology- A Pathophysiological Aproch, seventh  Edition, The McGraw-Hill; 2012. p. 123.

Patent

Jones BS, Smith RZ, inventors; Novoste Corporation, assignee. Methods for procedures related to the electrophysiology of the heart. US patent 1229 091. 2011.

Tables: All tables must be numbered consecutively (using Arabic numerals) and be cited in the text. Titles should be short but descriptive

Figures: Figures (photographs, drawing, diagrams and charts) are to be numbered in one consecutive series of Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text and abbreviated as Figure X.

Formula and equations Structural and chemical formula, process flow diagrams and complicated mathematical expressions should be very clearly presented. All subscripts, Greek letters and unusual characters must be identified. Structural and chemical formulae as well as process flow diagrams should be prepared in the same way as graphs.

Review Article

Review articles should be about 15 journal pages and contain up-to-date information providing comprehensive coverage of relevant literature. Review articles should preferably be written by scientists who have in-depth knowledge of the topic. All format requirements are similar to those applicable to Research papers. Review Articles need not be divided into sections such as Materials and methods, and Results and discussion, but should definitely have an abstract and introduction.

Research Communication

Research communication should be about 3 journal pages and include important scientific & comprehensive work. All format requirements are similar to those applicable to Research Article, but should have definitely had an abstract and introduction.

Ethical Guidelines

They are subject to editorial review, They have not been and will not be published in whole or in part in any other journal, and Authors using experimental animals and human subjects in their investigation must seek approval from the appropriate Ethical Committee in accordance with "Principles of Laboratory Animal Care" and/or the declaration of Helsinki promulgated in 1964 as amended in 1996.

Article Proofs

Page proofs are sent to the designated author through e-mail. They must be carefully checked and returned the revised manuscript within 48 hours of receipt.

Copyright

Authors are asked to sign a warranty and copyright agreement upon acceptance of their manuscript, before the manuscript can be published. The Copyright Transfer Agreement can be downloaded here (in editable IRJPBS Copyright Form).